The treaty of Concordia or the partition treaty of 1648 was an agreement signed by the Dutch and the French to divide the island of Saint Martin in two parts. A French side and a Dutch side. Even though the original document disappeared, the treaty is still valid to this day.
The partition treaty of 1648
Today , the 23 of March 1648, have assembled Robert de Lonvilliers, knight and lord of this place, Governor of the island of St. Maarten, on behalf of His Most Christian Majesty (i.e., the King of France) Martin Thomas, likewise Governor of the said island, on behalf of the Prince of Orange and the Staten General of Holland, and Henri de Lonvillers, lord of Benevent, Savin and Courpon, Chevalie, lord la Tour, Lieutenant-Colonel of the island, and David Coppins, Lieutenant of a Dutch company, and Pitre van Zeun Hus (Pieter van Zevenhuizen), likewise Lieutenant of a Dutch company of the above, have agreed upon the following:
1.That the French shall continue in that quarter were they are established at this present, and that they shall inhabit the entire coast (side) which faces Anguilla;
2.That the Dutch shall have the quarter of the fort, and the soil surrounding it on the south coast (side);
3.That the French and the Dutch established on the shared island shall live as friends and allies, and that, in case the other party molesting the other, this shall constitute an infringement of this treaty, and shall therefore be punishable by the laws of war;
4.That, if a Frenchman or a Dutchman being guilty of a criminal act or infringement of this agreement, or of disobedience of the commands of his superiors, or whatever other remissness, shall be withdrawn to the territory of the other nation, the contracting parties shall be bound to cause such a person to be arrested in their territory, and to deliver him up to his governor on the latter’s first requesting it;
5.That the case, the fisheries, salt- pans, the rivers, lakes and harbors and roadsteads, and other commodities of the said land shall be common, and shall serve to provide the wants of the inhabitants;
6.That it shall be permitted to French persons at this present residing with the Dutch to joint French, if it so pleases them , and to take with them their movables, foodstuffs and money and other commodities, provided that they have settled their debts or given sufficient security, and the Dutch shall be able to do likewise on the same conditions;
7.That, if an enemy should attack one part or the other, the parties to this treaty shall be obliged to render each other aid and assistance;
8.That the delimitation and partition of the said island between two nations shall be submitted to the General of French and the Governor of St. Eustatius and to the deputies that shall be sent to their that shall be sent to visit the places; and that, their report having been made, they shall delimit their quarters , and proceed in a manner stipulated above;
9.That any claims no one party may have against the other shall be submitted.
To the King of France and the gentlemen of His council, and to the Prince of Orange and the States of Holland Neither of above parties shall be able to construct fortifications with out contravening the above agreement and compensations with respect to the other party.
Given on the date heretofore mentioned, on the mountain surnamed des Accords (Concordia) of the said island, and singed by the said gentlemen, in the presence of Bernard de La Fond, Knight and lord of Esperance, Lieutenant of a French company.